package irmin

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Managing store's trees.

Tree provides immutable, in-memory partial mirror of the store, with lazy reads and delayed writes.

Trees are like staging area in Git: they are immutable temporary non-persistent areas (they disappear if the host crash), held in memory for efficiency, where reads are done lazily and writes are done only when needed on commit: if you modify a key twice, only the last change will be written to the store when you commit.


val empty : tree

empty is the empty tree. The empty tree does not have associated backend configuration values, as they can perform in-memory operation, independently of any given backend.

val of_contents : ?metadata:metadata -> contents -> tree

of_contents c is the subtree built from the contents c.

val of_node : node -> tree

of_node n is the subtree built from the node n.

type elt = [
  1. | `Node of node
  2. | `Contents of contents * metadata

The type for tree elements.

val v : elt -> tree

General-purpose constructor for trees.

val kind : tree -> key -> [ `Contents | `Node ] option Lwt.t

kind t k is the type of s in t. It could either be a tree node or some file contents. It is None if k is not present in t.

val is_empty : tree -> bool

is_empty t is true iff t is empty (i.e. a tree node with no children). Trees with kind = `Contents are never considered empty.


val diff : tree -> tree -> (key * (contents * metadata) Diff.t) list Lwt.t

diff x y is the difference of contents between x and y.

Manipulating Contents

type 'a or_error = ('a, [ `Dangling_hash of hash ]) Stdlib.result

Operations on lazy nodes can fail if the underlying store does not contain the expected hash.

module Contents : sig ... end

Operations on lazy tree contents.

val mem : tree -> key -> bool Lwt.t

mem t k is true iff k is associated to some contents in t.

val find_all : tree -> key -> (contents * metadata) option Lwt.t

find_all t k is Some (b, m) if k is associated to the contents b and metadata m in t and None if k is not present in t.

val find : tree -> key -> contents option Lwt.t

find is similar to find_all but it discards metadata.

val get_all : tree -> key -> (contents * metadata) Lwt.t

Same as find_all but raise Invalid_arg if k is not present in t.

val list : tree -> ?offset:int -> ?length:int -> key -> (step * tree) list Lwt.t

list t key is the list of files and sub-nodes stored under k in t. The result order is not specified but is stable.

offset and length are used for pagination.

val get : tree -> key -> contents Lwt.t

Same as get_all but ignore the metadata.

val add : tree -> key -> ?metadata:metadata -> contents -> tree Lwt.t

add t k c is the tree where the key k is bound to the contents c but is similar to t for other bindings.

val update : tree -> key -> ?metadata:metadata -> (contents option -> contents option) -> tree Lwt.t

update t k f is the tree t' that is the same as t for all keys except k, and whose binding for k is determined by f (find t k).

If k refers to an internal node of t, f is called with None to determine the value with which to replace it.

val remove : tree -> key -> tree Lwt.t

remove t k is the tree where k bindings has been removed but is similar to t for other bindings.

Manipulating Subtrees

val mem_tree : tree -> key -> bool Lwt.t

mem_tree t k is false iff find_tree k = None.

val find_tree : tree -> key -> tree option Lwt.t

find_tree t k is Some v if k is associated to v in t. It is None if k is not present in t.

val get_tree : tree -> key -> tree Lwt.t

get_tree t k is v if k is associated to v in t. Raise Invalid_arg if k is not present in t.

val add_tree : tree -> key -> tree -> tree Lwt.t

add_tree t k v is the tree where the key k is bound to the non-empty tree v but is similar to t for other bindings.

If v is empty, this is equivalent to remove t k.

val update_tree : tree -> key -> (tree option -> tree option) -> tree Lwt.t

update_tree t k f is the tree t' that is the same as t for all subtrees except under k, and whose subtree at k is determined by f (find_tree t k).

f returning either None or Some empty causes the subtree at k to be unbound (i.e. it is equivalent to remove t k).

val merge : tree Merge.t

merge is the 3-way merge function for trees.


val destruct : tree -> [ `Node of node | `Contents of Contents.t * metadata ]

General-purpose destructor for trees.

type marks

The type for fold marks.

val empty_marks : unit -> marks

empty_marks () is an empty collection of marks.

type 'a force = [
  1. | `True
  2. | `False of key -> 'a -> 'a Lwt.t
  3. | `And_clear

The type for fold's force parameter. `True forces the fold to read the objects of the lazy nodes and contents. `False f is applying f on every lazy node and content value instead. `And_clear is like `True but also eagerly empties the Tree caches when traversing sub-nodes.

type uniq = [
  1. | `False
  2. | `True
  3. | `Marks of marks

The type for fold's uniq parameters. `False folds over all the nodes. `True does not recurse on nodes already seen. `Marks m uses the collection of marks m to store the cache of keys: the fold will modify m. This can be used for incremental folds.

type 'a node_fn = key -> step list -> 'a -> 'a Lwt.t

The type for fold's pre and post parameters.

type depth = [
  1. | `Eq of int
  2. | `Le of int
  3. | `Lt of int
  4. | `Ge of int
  5. | `Gt of int

The type for fold depths.

  • Eq d folds over nodes and contents of depth exactly d.
  • Lt d folds over nodes and contents of depth strictly less than d.
  • Gt d folds over nodes and contents of depth strictly more than d.

Le d is Eq d and Lt d. Ge d is Eq d and Gt d.

val depth_t : depth Type.t
val fold : ?force:'a force -> ?uniq:uniq -> ?pre:'a node_fn -> ?post:'a node_fn -> ?depth:depth -> ?contents:(key -> contents -> 'a -> 'a Lwt.t) -> ?node:(key -> node -> 'a -> 'a Lwt.t) -> tree -> 'a -> 'a Lwt.t

fold f t acc folds f over t's leafs.

For every node n, ui n is a leaf node, call f path n. Otherwise:

  • Call pre path n. By default pre is the identity;
  • Recursively call fold on each children, in lexicographic order;
  • Call post path n; By default post is the identity.

See force for details about the force parameters. By default it is `And_clear.

See uniq for details about the uniq parameters. By default it is `False.

The fold depth is controlled by the depth parameter.


type stats = {
  1. nodes : int;

    Number of node.

  2. leafs : int;

    Number of leafs.

  3. skips : int;

    Number of lazy nodes.

  4. depth : int;

    Maximal depth.

  5. width : int;

    Maximal width.


The type for tree stats.

val stats_t : stats Type.t
val stats : ?force:bool -> tree -> stats Lwt.t

stats ~force t are t's statistics. If force is true, this will force the reading of lazy nodes. By default it is false.

Concrete Trees

type concrete = [
  1. | `Tree of (step * concrete) list
  2. | `Contents of contents * metadata

The type for concrete trees.

val concrete_t : concrete Type.t

The value-type for concrete.

val of_concrete : concrete -> tree

of_concrete c is the subtree equivalent of the concrete tree c.

  • raises Invalid_argument

    if c contains duplicate bindings for a given path.

val to_concrete : tree -> concrete Lwt.t

to_concrete t is the concrete tree equivalent of the subtree t.


val clear : ?depth:int -> tree -> unit

clear ?depth t clears all caches in the tree t for subtrees with a depth higher than depth. If depth is not set, all of the subtrees are cleared.

Performance counters

type counters = {
  1. mutable contents_hash : int;
  2. mutable contents_find : int;
  3. mutable contents_add : int;
  4. mutable node_hash : int;
  5. mutable node_mem : int;
  6. mutable node_add : int;
  7. mutable node_find : int;
  8. mutable node_val_v : int;
  9. mutable node_val_find : int;
  10. mutable node_val_list : int;
val counters : unit -> counters
val dump_counters : unit Fmt.t
val reset_counters : unit -> unit
val inspect : tree -> [ `Contents | `Node of [ `Map | `Hash | `Value ] ]


val hash : tree -> hash

hash r c it c's hash in the repository r.

type kinded_hash := [
  1. | `Contents of hash * metadata
  2. | `Node of hash

Hashes in the Irmin store are tagged with the type of the value they reference (either contents or node). In the contents case, the hash is paired with corresponding metadata.

val of_hash : Repo.t -> kinded_hash -> tree option Lwt.t

of_hash r h is the the tree object in r having h as hash, or None is no such tree object exists.

val shallow : Repo.t -> kinded_hash -> tree

shallow r h is the shallow tree object with the hash h. No check is performed to verify if h actually exists in r.


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