Install OCaml

If you need more explicit instructions than provided on this quick-install page, you can find a more detailed explanation of the installation process here.

Install OCaml on Linux, macOS, or *BSD

  1. Install the opam package manager

    OCaml's package manager, opam, installs both the compiler, as well as any additional packages. Ensure gcc, build-essential, curl, unzip, and bubblewrap are installed on your system, then run the following in your terminal to download and install the newest version of opam:

    view script on GitHub
    Other installation methods You can also install opam using your operating system's package manager - however, you may get an older version of opam that does not support the most recent OCaml compiler version. If you need the most recent version, you can build opam from sources, following the instructions at opam's GitHub repository.
  2. Initialise opam

    Opam needs to be initialised, which will create a default opam switch. An opam switch is an isolated environment for the OCaml compiler and any packages you install.

    During opam init, you will be asked if you want to add a hook to your shell to put the tools available in the current opam switch on your PATH.

  3. Activate the opam switch

    If you answered no when prompted in the previous step, you need to activate the opam switch by running eval $(opam env) or explicitly execute commands within the switch by using opam exec -- [CMD].

Congratulations, you have now installed OCaml!

Set Up an OCaml Development Environment

The OCaml Platform Tools, which includes the build system Dune, complete your OCaml development environment. To install them in your current opam switch, run this command:

Now you are ready to write some OCaml code!

Take A Tour of OCaml

Install OCaml on Windows

  1. Install the DkML Windows distribution

    The installer sets up OCaml 4.14.0 and OCaml's package manager opam, with Git and the Visual Studio compiler. If you need a different OCaml version, check out the alternative installation instructions provided in the "OCaml on Windows" guide.

    Before you run the installer: Make sure your Windows username does not contain a space character (e.g. for C:\Users\Jane Smith, OCaml will not install properly).

    Run the following in a terminal (either Windows PowerShell or Command Prompt):

    And then in a NEW terminal:

    Any problems installing? Be sure to read the latest DkML release notes. And if the release notes aren't relevant to your issue, file a new issue

Congratulations, you have now installed OCaml as well as the OCaml Platform Tools!

The OCaml Platform Tools include the build system Dune and provide you with a complete OCaml development environment.

Now you are ready to write some OCaml code!

Take a Tour of OCaml