ppx_stable

Stable types conversions generator
README

A ppx extension for easier implementation of conversion functions between almost
identical types.

Overview

It's very common in the stable types idiom to have types like these:

module Stable = struct
  module V1 = struct
    type t =
      { x0 : X0.t
      ; x1 : X1.t
      ; ...
      ; xn : Xn.t
      }
    end
  end

  module V2 = struct
    type t =
      { x0 : X0.t
      ; x1 : X1.t
      ; ...
      ; x(n+1) : X(n+1).t
      }
    end
  end
end

Implementing a conversion function is quite easy but the length of the
implementation is linear to the size of record instead of linear to the number
of differences between the records, i.e.

let v1_of_v2 { V2. x0 ; x1 ; ... ; xn ; x(n+1) } =
  ignore (x(n+1) : X(n+1).t); (* forget the new value *)
  { V1. x0 ; x1 ; ...  ; xn }

If there are more changes to the type the conversion function get unnecessarily
complicated.

This extension proposes a syntax that essentially describes the differences
between the types:

module V2 = struct
  type t =
    { x0 : X0.t
    ; x1 : X1.t
    ; ...
    ; x(n+1) : X(n+1).t
    } [@@deriving stable_record ~version:V1.t ~remove:[x(n+1)]]
  end
end

and automatically generates the appropriate conversion function.

Details

It supports records with conversion from the current type to the previous
and from previous to current. It works for variants and records.

Records

It supports all the possible ways you can change a record:

  • adding new fields

  • modifying existing fields, i.e. changing its type

  • removing some fields

Adding a field

module V1 = struct
  type t =
    { x0 : X0.t
    ; x1 : X1.t
    }
end

module V2 = struct
  type t =
    { x0 : X0.t
    } [@@deriving stable_record ~version:V1.t ~add:[x1]]
end

let convert_to_v1 (v2 : V2.t) : V1.t =
  V2.to_V1_t v2 ~x1:(X1.of_int 1234)

Modifying a field

module V1 = struct
  type t =
    { x0 : X0a.t
    }
end

module V2 = struct
  type t =
    { x0 : X0b.t
    } [@@deriving stable_record ~version:V1.t ~modify:[x0]]
end

let convert_of_v1 (v1 : V1.t) : V2.t =
  V2.of_V1_t v1 ~modify_x0:X0b.of_x0a

or

module V1 = struct
  type t =
    { x0 : X0a.t
    }
end

module V2 = struct
  type t =
    { x0 : X0b.t
    } [@@deriving stable_record ~version:V1.t ~set:[x0]]
end

let convert_of_v1 (v1 : V1.t) : V2.t =
  V2.of_V1_t v1 ~x0:X0b.value

Removing a field

module V1 = struct
  type t =
    { x0 : X0.t
    }
end

module V2 = struct
  type t =
    { x0 : X0.t
    ; x1 : X1.t
    } [@@deriving stable_record ~version:V1.t ~remove:[x1]]
end

let convert_to_v1 (v2 : V2.t) : V1.t =
  V2.to_V1_t v2

Variants

Please note that for variants you have to derive stable_variant for the target type as well.

Adding a constructor

module V1 = struct
  type t =
    | X0 of X0.t
    | X1 of X1.t
  [@@deriving stable_variant]
end

module V2 = struct
  type t =
    | X0 of X0.t
    [@@deriving stable_variant ~version:V1.t ~add:[X1]]
end

let convert_to_v1 (v2 : V2.t) : V1.t =
  V2.to_V1_t v2

Modifying a constructor

module V1 = struct
  type t =
    | X0 of X0a.t
  [@@deriving stable_variant]
end

module V2 = struct
  type t =
    | X0 of X0b.t
    [@@deriving stable_variant ~version:V1.t ~modify:[X0]]
end

let convert_of_v1 (v1 : V1.t) : V2.t =
  V2.of_V1_t ~modify_X0:(fun v -> X0 (X0b.of_x0a v)) v1

Removing a constructor

module V1 = struct
  type t =
    | X0 of X0.t
  [@@deriving stable_variant]
end

module V2 = struct
  type t =
    | X0 of X0.t
    | X1 of X1.t
    [@@deriving stable_variant ~version:V1.t ~remove:[X1]]
end

let convert_to_v1 (v2 : V2.t) : V1.t =
  V2.to_V1_t ~remove_X1:(fun v -> X0 (X0b.of_int v)) v2

Renaming a constructor

module V1 = struct
  type t =
    | Do
    | Re
    | Mi of int
  [@@deriving stable_variant]
end

module V2 = struct
  type t =
    | Do
    | Re
    | Ew of int
  [@@deriving stable_variant ~version:V1.t ~remove:[ Ew ] ~add:[ Mi ]]
end

let v2_of_v1 : V1.t -> V2.t = V2.of_V1_t ~remove_Mi:(fun i -> V2.Ew i)
Install
Sources
v0.14.1.tar.gz
md5=78fd32fd0e72ebfd8e522008949066b5
Dependencies
ppxlib
>= "0.14.0"
dune
>= "2.0.0"
base
>= "v0.14" & < "v0.15"
ocaml
>= "4.04.2"
Reverse Dependencies
ppx_jane
= "v0.14.0"