package bls12-381-unix

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UNIX version of BLS12-381 primitives implementing the virtual package bls12-381 with blst backend


Dune Dependency






Published: 18 Jan 2022


OCaml implementation of BLS12-381



The scalar field is Fr = GF(0x73eda753299d7d483339d80809a1d80553bda402fffe5bfeffffffff00000001), encoded on 32 bytes in little endian.


For G1, the base field is Fq: GF(0x1a0111ea397fe69a4b1ba7b6434bacd764774b84f38512bf6730d2a0f6b0f6241eabfffeb153ffffb9feffffffffaaab) and E(Fq) := y^2 = x^3 + 4. An element of the base field can be encoded on 48 bytes (using only 381 bits, leaving 3 bits unused).

For G2, the base field is Fq2 := Fq[Z]/(X^2 + 1) and E(Fq2) := y^2 = x^3 + 4 (Z + 1). An element of the base field can be encoded on 2 * 48 bytes representing each coefficient of the polynomial. 3 bits of each coefficient encoding are unused.

The « uncompressed » form (x, y) of G1 and G2 is the concatenation of the elements x and y encoded in big endian.

The « compressed » form uses the first 3 most significant (and unused) bits of the coordinate x.

  • the first most significant bit is always set to 1 to carry the information it is the compressed encoding of a point.

  • the second most significant bit is set to 1 if the element is the identity of the curve.

  • the third most significant bit is the sign of y. It is set to 1 if y is lexicographically larger than -y.


# if you implement a library and you don't need an actual implementation
opam install bls12-381
# to target UNIX
opam insall bls12-381-unix
# to target JavaScript, to be used with jsoo.
opam install bls12-381-js

See below how to use in your project.

Run tests

dune runtest
dune build @test/js/browser/serve # Check _build/default/test/js/browser and run `npm run serve`

To get the coverage (only ok for bls12-381-unix and bls12-381-gen)

dune runtest --instrument-with bisect_ppx --force
bisect-ppx-report html

How to use in my project

If you are developing a library using bls12-381, you only need to add bls12-381 in the dependency list. However, if you are writing a binary, three packages are relevant:

  • bls12-381-unix: to be used for UNIX

  • bls12-381-js: to be used to target JavaScript. It does rely on the node packages listed here, version >= 0.8.1, and suppose this module is loaded before in the global namespace under the name _RUSTC_BLS12_381. See test/js/browser/ for an example. You need to use the appropriate package depending on the platform you target (Node or a bundler for the browser). For instance, if you target Node (resp. a bundler like webpack for a browser usage), you must use @dannywillems/rustc-bls12-381-node (resp. @dannywillems/rustc-bls12-381).

  • bls12-381-js-gen: if the module is loaded somewhere else than in the global namespace like the previous package supposes, you can use this third library that provides functors. The functors are expecting a module of the signature:

      val rust_module : unit -> Jsoo_lib.ESModule.t
      val get_wasm_memory_buffer : unit -> Jsoo_lib.Memory.Buffer.t

    (note: functions are not directly evaluated values are required because the module might not already be loaded when loading the JavaScript resulting file and the wasm memory buffer being a view over a ArrayBuffer might be invalid if the buffer size is increased at runtime). You can see an example in the src/js.

For more examples, see the test directories.

Run the benchmarks

opam install core_bench
dune exec benchmark/bench_fr.exe
dune exec benchmark/bench_g1.exe
dune exec benchmark/bench_g2.exe
dune exec benchmark/bench_pairing.exe
dune exec benchmark/bench_signature.exe


opam install odoc
dune build @doc

Dependencies (7)

  1. hex
  2. bls12-381 = version
  3. ctypes >= "0.18.0" & < "0.19.0"
  4. zarith >= "1.10" & < "2.0"
  5. dune-configurator build
  6. dune >= "2.8.4"
  7. ocaml >= "4.08"

Dev Dependencies (3)

  1. ff-pbt >= "0.6.0" & < "0.7.0" & with-test
  2. bisect_ppx with-test & >= "2.5"
  3. alcotest with-test

Used by (4)

  1. tezos-base >= "10.2" & < "13.0"
  2. tezos-client-base-unix = "10.2"
  3. tezos-crypto = "10.2"
  4. tezos-protocol-environment >= "12.0" & < "13.0"




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