Syntax extension for writing in-line tests in ocaml code.
New syntactic constructs
The following constructs are now valid structure items:
let%test "name" = <boolean expr> (* true means ok, false or exn means broken *) let%test_unit "name" = <unit expr> (* () means ok, exn means broken *) let%test_module "name" = (module <module-expr>) (* to group tests (to share some setup for instance) *)
We may write
_ instead of
"name" for anonymous tests. It is also possible to use
[%name <string expr>] for a dynamically computed name.
When running tests, they will be executed when the control flow reaches the structure item (i.e. at toplevel for a toplevel test; when the functor is applied for a test defined in the body of a functor, etc.).
One can tag tests with the following construct:
let%test "name" [@tags "no-js"] = <expr> let%test "name" [@tags "no-js", "other-tag"] = <expr> let%test _ [@tags "no-js"] = <expr> let%test _ [@tags "js-only"] = <expr>
Available tags are:
32-bits-onlyfor tests that should only run in 32 bits architectures
64-bits-onlyfor tests that should only run in 64 bits architectures
fast-flambdafor tests that might only pass when compiling with flambda, -O3 and cross library inlining
x-library-inlining-sensitivefor tests that might only pass when compiling with cross library inlining switched on
disabledfor tests that should not run (unless requested with -require-tag)
One can also tag entire test modules similarly:
let%test_module "name" [@tags "no-js"] = (module struct end)
-require-tag can be passed to the test runner to restrict which tests are run. We say the tags of a test are the union of the tags applied directly to that test using
[@tags ...] and the tags of all enclosing modules. It is to this union that the predicates
-require-tag are applied.
If it is clear, from a test-module's tags, that none of the tests within will possibly match the tag predicates imposed by the command line flags, then additionally the top-level of that module will not be run.
let is_prime = <magic> let%test _ = is_prime 5 let%test _ = is_prime 7 let%test _ = not (is_prime 1) let%test _ = not (is_prime 8)
Tests in a functor.
module Make(C : S) = struct <magic> let%test _ = <some expression> end module M = Make(Int)
Grouping test and side-effecting initialisation.
Since the module passed as an argument to
let%test_module is only initialised when we run the tests, it is ok to perform side-effects in the module-expression argument.
let%test_module _ = (module struct module UID = Unique_id.Int(struct end) let%test _ = UID.create() <> UID.create() end)
Building and running the tests at jane street
Inline tests can only be used in libraries, not executables.
The standard build rules create an executable script
inline_tests_runner which runs all tests in the directory. This script takes optional arguments (see below) to restrict which tests are run.
The full set of tests are run when building the jenga
Building and running the tests outside of jane street with dune
Inline tests can only be used in libraries, not executables.
To use this with dune, see dune's documentation. At the time of writing of the current document, the short version is:
define a library this way:
(library (name foo) (inline_tests) (preprocess (pps ppx_inline_test)))
add tests to it
Building and running the tests outside of jane street without dune
Code using this extension must be compiled and linked using the
ppx_inline_test.runtime-lib library. The
ppx_inline_test syntax extension will reject any test if it wasn't passed a
-inline-test-lib libname flag.
Tests are only executed when both these conditions are met:
the executable containing the tests is linked with
the executable containing the tests is called with command line arguments:
your.exe inline-test-runner libname [options]
libname is a way of restricting the tests run by the executable. The dependencies of your library (or executable) could also use
ppx_inline_test, but you don't necessarily want to run their tests too. For instance,
core is built by giving
-inline-test-lib core and
core_extended is built by giving
-inline-test-lib core_extended. And now when an executable linked with both
core_extended is run with a
core_extended, only the tests of
core_extended are run.
Finally, after running tests,
Ppx_inline_test_lib.exit () should be called (to exit with an error and a summary of the number of failed tests if there were errors or exit normally otherwise).
One can construct a dual-use binary that only runs the tests when prompted to (through the command line), by sticking the following piece of code in it, after the tests have run but before the binary starts doing non-test side effects. However be aware that
Base.am_testing will be
true even when not running tests, which may be undesirable.
match Ppx_inline_test_lib.testing with | `Testing `Am_test_runner -> print_endline "Exiting test suite"; Ppx_inline_test_lib.exit () | `Testing _ -> exit 0 | `Not_testing -> ()
Command line arguments
The executable that runs tests can take additional command line arguments. The most useful of these are:
Stop running tests after the first error.
to see the tests as they run
where location is either a filename
-only-test main.ml, a filename with a line number
-only-test main.ml:32, or with the syntax that the compiler uses:
File "main.ml", or
File "main.ml", line 32or
File "main.ml", line 32, characters 2-6(characters are ignored). The position that matters is the position of the
The positions shown by
-verboseare valid inputs for
-only-testflag is given, all the tests are run. Otherwise all the tests matching any of the locations are run.
drop all the tests tagged with
These can be specified to jenga like this:
(library (... (inline_tests ((flags (-stop-on-error)))) ... ))
and to dune like this:
(library ... (inline_tests (flags (-stop-on-error))) ...)
If you pass arguments of the form
-inline-test-lib lib:partition to
ppx_inline_test, then you will be able to run tests from a given source file in parallel with tests from other source files. All the tests inside the same source file are still run sequentially.
You should pick different
partition names for the different files in your library (the name of the .ml files for instance).
ppx_inline_test_lib currently requires some external system like a build system to run it multiple times in parallel, although we may make it possible to run the inline tests in parallel directly in the future.
If you do that, you can now use two new flags of the executable containing the tests:
lists all the partitions that contain at least one test, one per line.
only run the tests of the library that are encountered at toplevel of the source file that was preprocessed with the given partition
P(the tests need not be syntactically in the file, they could be the result of applying a functor)
A build system can combine these two commands by first listing partitions, and then running one command for each partition.