package opam-monorepo

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Assemble and manage fully vendored Dune repositories


Dune Dependency






The opam monorepo plugin provides a convenient interface to bridge the opam package manager with having a local copy of all the source code required to build a project using the dune build tool.

Published: 30 Jun 2021



opam-monorepo is an opam plugin designed to assemble standalone dune workspaces with your projects and all of their dependencies, letting you build it all from scratch using only dune and ocaml.


You can simply install it via opam in your current switch by running:

opam install opam-monorepo

Note that once it is installed you can invoke it as an opam command:

opam monorepo <subcommand> ...

Note that opam knows about available plugins and will offer you to install opam-monorepo if you try to invoke it without having installed it beforehand.


The basic usage for opam-monorepo is to start by running the following command from the root of your project:

opam monorepo lock

This will generate a project-wide lockfile under <project-name>.opam.locked that contains:

  • The full list of your direct and transitive opam dependencies, according to the specifications in the .opam files at your project's root, with hard version constraints ({= <version>) in the depends field.

  • A pin-depends field filled with reproducible pins, either to tarballs or to git repos with an explicit commit hash for all the above dependencies, except for ocaml, dune and any virtual opam package.

  • A few extra fields meant to be interprated by opam monorepo

This lockfile can then be consumed by the following command:

opam monorepo pull

which will fetch the sources of all the locked dependencies into a duniverse/ folder at the root of your project, marking them as vendored_dirs (see dune's documentation) so that dune will only build the artifacts you need from that folder.

From that point you should be able to run dune build and dune runtest as you normally would and build your entire project from scratch!

opam monorepo lock

It's important to note that opam monorepo lock will only succeed if all of your non-virtual and non "base" dependencies (e.g. ocaml or dune) build with dune (i.e. directly depend on the dune or jbuilder packages). If that's not the case the solver will report which packages don't build with dune.

We maintain a separate opam repository with dune ports of commonly used opam packages. If you have non-dune dependencies it is advised that you add this repository before running opam monorepo lock. You can do so by running the following command:

opam repository add dune-universe git+

Note that if it is not setup, the plugin will warn you.

The lock command takes your global and switch's opam configurations into account, meaning any opam repository or pins you set up will be picked up by the solver when resolving the full set of your project's dependencies.

The generated lockfile is meant to be compatible with opam in such a way that running opam install . --locked should give you the same versions you would using opam monorepo pull in a reproducible way (i.e. independently of any change that might have happened on the upstream opam-repository) thanks to the pin-depends. You can use that property to your advantage by allowing one to choose between a "monorepo" or regular opam workflow depending on the situation.

opam monorepo pull

The pull command fetches the sources using the URLs in the lockfile. It benefits from the opam cache but its outcome does not depend on your opam configuration.

Monorepo projects

If you wish to use opam-monorepo to manage your dependencies, we suggest that you git version the lockfile but not the content of the duniverse/.

If you use ocaml-ci and have an opam-monorepo lockfile at the root of your project, it will detect it is an opam-monorepo project and start a specific pipeline in which it will use the plugin to assemble a dune workspace with your dependencies rather than installing them through opam.

Dependencies (3)

  1. conf-pkg-config build
  2. ocaml >= "4.08.0" & < "4.13.0"
  3. dune >= "2.8"

Dev Dependencies


Used by