This library helps the modeling of Linear Programming (LP) and Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) in OCaml. This package is an optional solver-interface to GLPK via glpk.js.
Published: 19 Nov 2021
ocaml-lp : LP and MIP modeling in OCaml
This library helps the modeling of Linear Programming (LP) and Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) in OCaml. It supports the model with not only linear terms, but also quadratic terms. The model can be imported-from / exported-to CPLEX LP file format, which can be loaded by various solvers. It also has direct interfaces to some solvers. Currently supported are GLPK (GNU Linear Programming Kit) and Gurobi.
# optional but recommended to pin dev-repo opam pin lp --dev-repo opam pin lp-glpk --dev-repo opam install lp lp-glpk ## If your application is based on js_of_ocaml: opam pin lp-glpk-js --dev-repo opam install lp-glpk-js ## If you have an access to Gurobi: opam pin lp-gurobi --dev-repo opam install lp-gurobi
A minimum example is shown below. More detailed description can be found on wiki.
let x = Lp.var "x" let y = Lp.var "y" let problem = let open Lp in let obj = maximize (x ++ y) in let c0 = x ++ (c 1.2 *~ y) <~ c 5.0 in let c1 = (c 2.0 *~ x) ++ y <~ c 1.2 in make obj [c0; c1] let write () = Lp.write "my_problem.lp" problem let solve () = (* For other interfaces, use Lp_glpk_js or Lp_gurobi instead *) match Lp_glpk.solve problem with | Ok (obj, xs) -> Printf.printf "Objective: %.2f\n" obj ; Printf.printf "x: %.2f y: %.2f\n" (Lp.PMap.find x xs) (Lp.PMap.find y xs) | Error msg -> print_endline msg let () = if Lp.validate problem then (write () ; solve ()) else print_endline "Oops, my problem is broken."
Notes on solver interfaces
Since lp-glpk is tested only on GLPK version 4.65 and 5+, something may fail on older versions.
lp-glpk-js is another interface to GLPK through glpk.js, that is useful for applications based on js_of_ocaml.
lp-gurobi is an interface to commercial solver Gurobi. To work with this, compile your application with
-cclib -lgurobiXYflags, where XY is the version of Gurobi (e.g. 91).
Conformity to LP file format
Currently only basic features of LP file format are supported. Yet to be supported are advanced features, which are typically available on commercial solvers. (There is no standard of LP file, though.)
Single objective (linear and quadratic)
Constraints (linear and quadratic)
Variable types (general and binary integers)
Special ordered set (SOS)
Piecewise-linear (PWL) objective and constraint
Some references to LP file format.