gmap

Heterogenous maps over a GADT
README

0.2.0

Gmap exposes the functor Make which takes a key type (a
GADT 'a key)
and outputs a type-safe Map where each 'a key is associated with a 'a value.
This removes the need for additional packing. It uses OCaml's stdlib
Map data
structure.

type _ k =
  | A : int k
  | B : string k

module K = struct
  type 'a t = 'a k

  let compare : type a b. a t -> b t -> (a, b) Gmap.Order.t = fun t t' ->
    let open Gmap.Order in
    match t, t' with
    | A, A -> Eq | A, _ -> Lt | _, A -> Gt
    | B, B -> Eq

  let pp : type a. Format.formatter -> a t -> a -> unit = fun ppf t v ->
    match t, v with
    | A, x -> Fmt.pf ppf "A %d" x
    | B, s -> Fmt.pf ppf "B %s" s
end

module M = Gmap.Make(K)


let () =
  let m = M.empty in
  ...
  match M.find A m with
  | Some x -> Printf.printf "got %d\n" x
  | None -> Printf.printf "found nothing\n"

This is already an exhaustive pattern match: there is no need for another case
(for the constructor B) since the type system knows that looking for A will
result in an int.

Motivation came from parsing of protocols which usually specify optional values
and extensions via a tag-length-value (TLV) mechanism: for a given tag the
structure of value is different - see for example IP options, TCP options, DNS
resource records, TLS hello extensions, etc.

Discussing this problem with Justus Matthiesen during summer 2017, we came up
with this design. Its main difference to Daniel C. Bünzli's
hmap is that in gmap the key-value GADT
type must be provided when instantiating the functor. In hmap, keys are created
dynamically.

Documentation

API documentation is available online.

Installation

You need opam installed on your system. The command

opam install gmap

will install this library.

Install
Published
24 Jun 2018
Sources
gmap-0.2.0.tbz
md5=fbf9d1d5a38c2c86ef2f122e22359896
Dependencies
Reverse Dependencies
icalendar
< "0.1.1"