extlib

A complete yet small extension for OCaml standard library (reduced, recommended)
Library extLib
Module OptParse . Opt
Exceptions
exception No_value

No_value gets raised by OptParse.Opt.get when an option value is not available.

exception Option_error of string * string

This exception signals that an option value is invalid. The first string contains the option string ('-x' or '--long-name') and the second string contains an error message.

This exception is only used when implementing custom option types and can never "escape" the scope of a OptParse.OptParser.parse. The user should therefore not attempt to catch it.

exception Option_help

When an option wants to display a usage message, this exception may be raised. It can never "escape" the scope of a OptParse.OptParser.parse call and the user should therefore not attempt to catch it.

Types
type 'a t = {
option_set : string -> string list -> unit;
option_set_value : 'a -> unit;
option_get : unit -> 'a option;
option_metavars : string list;
option_defhelp : string option;
}

Option type.

option_set is a closure which converts and records the value of an option so that it can be retrieved with a later call to the option_get closure. It is called with the option name which was given on the command line and a list of strings, each representing one of the argument values given on the command line. It may raise Option_error if the value is invalid (for whatever reason).

option_set_value is a closure which sets the value of an option to a particular value.

option_get is a closure which retrieves the recorded value of the option. If the option value has not been set from the command line, the default value is used. If there is no default value, then None should be returned.

option_metavars is a list of "meta-variables" (arguments) which this option accepts. This is mainly for display purposes, but the length of this list determines how many arguments the option parser accepts for this option (currently only lists of length 0 or 1 are supported).

option_defhelp is the default help string (if any). It is used for displaying help messages whenever the user does not specify a help string manually when adding this option. Using a non-None value here only makes sense for completely generic options like OptParse.StdOpt.help_option.

Option value retrieval
val get : 'a t -> 'a

Get the value of an option.

  • returns

    the value of the option. If the option has not been encountered while parsing the command line, the default value is returned.

  • raises No_value

    if no default values has been given and the option value has not been set from the command line.

val set : 'a t -> 'a -> unit

Set the value of an option.

val opt : 'a t -> 'a option

Get the value of an option as an optional value.

  • returns

    Some x if the option has value x (either by default or from the command line). If the option doesn't have a value None is returned.

val is_set : 'a t -> bool

Find out if the option has a value (either by default or from the command line).

  • returns

    True iff the option has a value.

Option creation
val value_option : string -> 'a option -> ( string -> 'a ) -> ( exn -> string -> string ) -> 'a t

Make an option which takes a single argument.

value_option metavar default coerce errfmt returns an option which takes a single argument from the command line and calls coerce to coerce it to the proper type. If coerce raises an exception, exn, then errfmt exn argval is called to generate an error message for display. metavar is the name of the metavariable of the option.

default is the default value of the option. If None, the the option has no default value.

  • returns

    the newly created option.

val callback_option : string -> ( string -> 'a ) -> ( exn -> string -> string ) -> ( 'a -> unit ) -> unit t

Make a callback option which takes a single argument.

callback_option metavar coerce errfmt f returns an option which takes a single argument from the command line and calls coerce to coerce it to the proper type. If coerce raises an exception errfmt exn argval is called to format an error message for display. If coerce succeeds, the callback function f is called with the coerced value. Finally, metavar is the name of the metavariable of the option.

  • returns

    the newly created option.