package caqti-dynload

  1. Overview
  2. Docs
Dynamic linking of Caqti drivers using findlib.dynload.

Install

Dune Dependency

Authors

Maintainers

Sources

caqti-0.11.0.tbz
md5=f749fd41e5c20d20a315f257f6ec7128

Description

This library registers a dynamic linker which will be called when encoutering an unhandled database URI. It tries to load a findlib package named "caqti-driver-" where "" is the scheme of the URI, which is expected register a driver for the scheme.

This is a separate package to avoid the dependency on the findlib.dynload for architectures, like MirageOS, where dynamic linking may be unavailable. The alternative is to link drivers directly into the application.

Published: 31 May 2018

README

README.md

Synopsis

Caqti provides a monadic cooperative-threaded OCaml connector API for relational databases.

The purpose of Caqti is further to help make applications independent of a particular database system. This is achieved by defining a common signature, which is implemented by the database drivers. Connection parameters are specified as an URI, which is typically provided at run-time. Caqti then loads a driver which can handle the URI, and provides a first-class module which implements the driver API and additional convenience functionality.

Caqti does not make assumptions about the structure of the query language, and only provides the type information needed at the edges of communication between the OCaml code and the database; i.e. for encoding parameters and decoding returned tuples. It is hoped that this agnostic choice makes it a suitable target for higher level interfaces and code generators.

Drivers

The following drivers are available.

  • MariaDB (mariadb://)

    • Implemented in terms of ocaml-mariadb using asynchronous calls.

    • Supports transactions.

    • Pools connections and caches statements.

  • PostgreSQL (postgresql://)

    • Implemented in terms of postgresql-ocaml using asynchronous calls.

    • Supports transactions.

    • Pools connections and caches statements.

  • SQLite3 (sqlite3://)

    • Implemented in terms of sqlite3-ocaml using preemtive threading for non-blocking operation.

    • Supports transactions.

    • Does not pool connections or cache statements.

If you link against caqti-dynload, then drivers are loaded dynamically based on the URI. If dynamic loading is unavailable on your platform, you may instead link against the caqti-driver-* libraries which you expect to use.

Documentation

As the main entry point, you would normally use either of

Caqti_lwt : Caqti_connection_sig.S with type 'a io = 'a Lwt.t
Caqti_async : Caqti_connection_sig.S with type 'a io = 'a Deferred.t

which is provided by caqti-lwt or caqti-async, respectively. These provide a connect functions which receives an URI, loads the appropriate driver, and returns a connection as a first-class module containing query functionality for the database.

To get a quick idea of how to use Caqti, look at the documented example. A resent rendering of the full API reference is avaliable online. You can generate the API reference matching your installed version using odig. Finally, topkg doc builds the reference for a Git checkout.

The most important modules to know about are:

  • Caqti_type and Caqti_request for constructing prepared or one-shot queries.

  • Caqti_lwt and Caqti_async for connecting to the database and obtaining a first class module implementing Caqti_connection_sig.S.

  • Caqti_connection_sig.S and Caqti_response_sig.S for executing queries.

Running under utop

Dynamic linking does not work under utop. The workaround is to link against the needed database driver. E.g.

> #require "caqti-lwt";;
> #require "caqti-driver-postgresql";;
> open Lwt.Infix;;

(* Create a DB handle. *)
> module Db = (val Caqti_lwt.connect (Uri.of_string "postgresql://") >>= Caqti_lwt.or_fail |> Lwt_main.run);;
module Db : Caqti_lwt.CONNECTION

(* Create a request which merely adds two parameters. *)
> let plus = Caqti_request.find Caqti_type.(tup2 int int) Caqti_type.int "SELECT ?::integer + ?::integer";;
val plus : (int * int, int, [< `Many | `One | `Zero > `One ]) Caqti_request.t = <abstr>

(* Run it. *)
> Db.find plus (7, 13);;
- : (int, [> Caqti_error.call_or_retrieve ]) result = Ok 20

Dependencies (4)

  1. ocamlfind
  2. jbuilder >= "1.0+beta19"
  3. caqti = "0.11.0"
  4. ocaml >= "4.04.0"

Dev Dependencies

None

Used by (2)

  1. caqti-async = "0.11.0"
  2. caqti-lwt = "0.11.0"

Conflicts

None

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