package bitwuzla-cxx

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SMT solver for AUFBVFP (C++ API)

Install

Dune Dependency

Authors

Maintainers

Sources

bitwuzla-cxx-0.2.0.tbz
sha256=26950e1f1247a755c1a410a4709e06ba42d6a73a6a90d2a7d29a2e0088e95603
sha512=a700abb74be74b24eefe282207803f3a35c36ddd52d0fe0bfb7225f8149d02afaa063431adba054307a52f451af00f07c5c525ba6b09255aae8f0bbf4da2e5a3

README.md.html

README.md

ocaml-bitwuzla

Bitwuzla is a Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT) solvers for the theories of fixed-size bit-vectors, floating-point arithmetic, arrays, uninterpreted functions and their combinations.

This library provides an API for using Bitwuzla in OCaml code. Online documentation is available at https://bitwuzla.github.io/docs/ocaml.

Quickstart

First, create a Options instance:

let options = Options.default () in

This instance can be configured via Options.set. For example, to enable model generation (SMT-LIB: (set-option :produce-models true)):

Options.set options Produce_models true;

Then, create a Bitwuzla instance (configuration options are now frozen and cannot be changed for this instance):

let bitwuzla = Solver.create options in

Next, you will want to create some expressions and assert formulas. For example, consider the following SMT-LIB input:

(set-logic QF_ABV)
(set-option :produce-models true)
(declare-const x (_ BitVec 8))
(declare-const y (_ BitVec 8))
(declare-fun f ((_ BitVec 8) (_ BitVec 4)) (_ BitVec 8))
(declare-const a (Array (_ BitVec 8) (_ BitVec 8)))
(assert
    (distinct
        ((_ extract 3 0) (bvsdiv x (_ bv2 8)))
        ((_ extract 3 0) (bvashr y (_ bv1 8)))))
(assert (= (f x ((_ extract 6 3) x)) y))
(assert (= (select a x) y))
(check-sat)
(get-model)
(get-value (x y f a (bvmul x x)))
(exit)

This input is created and asserted as follows:

  (* Create bit-vector sorts of size 4 and 8. *)
  let sortbv4 = mk_bv_sort 4 and sortbv8 = mk_bv_sort 8 in
  (* Create function sort. *)
  let sortfun = mk_fun_sort [| sortbv8; sortbv4 |] sortbv8 in
  (* Create array sort. *)
  let sortarr = mk_array_sort sortbv8 sortbv8 in

  (* Create two bit-vector constants of that sort. *)
  let x = mk_const sortbv8 ~symbol:"x" and y = mk_const sortbv8 ~symbol:"y" in
  (* Create fun const. *)
  let f = mk_const sortfun ~symbol:"f" in
  (* Create array const. *)
  let a = mk_const sortarr ~symbol:"a" in

  (* Create bit-vector values one and two of the same sort. *)
  let one = mk_bv_one sortbv8 in
  (* Alternatively, you can create bit-vector value one with: *)
  (* let one = mk_bv_value sortbv8 "1" 2 in *)
  (* let one = mk_bv_value_int sortbv8 1 in *)
  let two = mk_bv_value_int sortbv8 2 in

  (* (bvsdiv x (_ bv2 8)) *)
  let sdiv = mk_term2 Bv_sdiv x two in
  (* (bvashr y (_ bv1 8)) *)
  let ashr = mk_term2 Bv_ashr y one in
  (* ((_ extract 3 0) (bvsdiv x (_ bv2 8))) *)
  let sdive = mk_term1_indexed2 Bv_extract sdiv 3 0 in
  (* ((_ extract 3 0) (bvashr x (_ bv1 8))) *)
  let ashre = mk_term1_indexed2 Bv_extract ashr 3 0 in

  (* (assert *)
  (*     (distinct *)
  (*         ((_ extract 3 0) (bvsdiv x (_ bv2 8))) *)
  (*         ((_ extract 3 0) (bvashr y (_ bv1 8))))) *)
  Solver.assert_formula bitwuzla (mk_term2 Distinct sdive ashre);
  (* (assert (= (f x ((_ extract 6 3) x)) y)) *)
  Solver.assert_formula bitwuzla
    (mk_term2 Equal (mk_term3 Apply f x (mk_term1_indexed2 Bv_extract x 6 3)) y);
  (* (assert (= (select a x) y)) *)
  Solver.assert_formula bitwuzla (mk_term2 Equal (mk_term2 Select a x) y);

After asserting formulas, satisfiability can be determined via check_sat.

  let result = Solver.check_sat bitwuzla in

If the formula is satisfiable and model generation has been enabled, the resulting model can be printed via Solver.get_value and Term.pp. An example implementation illustrating how to print the current model via declared symbols (in this case x, y, f and a) is below:

  Format.open_vbox 0;
  Format.printf "Expect: sat@,";
  Format.printf "Bitwuzla: %s@," (Result.to_string result);
  Format.print_space ();

  (* Print model in SMT-LIBv2 format. *)
  Format.printf "@[<v>Model:@,@[<v 2>(@,%a@]@,)@]"
    (Format.pp_print_list ~pp_sep:Format.pp_print_space (fun ppf term ->
         let sort = Term.sort term in
         Format.fprintf ppf "(define-fun %a ("
           (fun ppf term ->
             try Format.pp_print_string ppf (Term.symbol term)
             with Not_found -> Format.fprintf ppf "%@t%Ld" (Term.id term))
           term;
         if Sort.is_fun sort then (
           let value = Solver.get_value bitwuzla term in
           assert (Term.kind value = Lambda);
           assert (Term.num_children value = 2);
           let rec unroll value =
             let value1 = Term.get value 1 in
             if Term.kind value1 = Lambda then (
               let value0 = Term.get value 0 in
               assert (Term.is_variable value0);
               Format.fprintf ppf "(%a %a) " Term.pp value0 Sort.pp
                 (Term.sort value0);
               unroll value1)
             else value
           in
           let value = unroll value in
           let value0 = Term.get value 0 in
           assert (Term.is_variable value0);
           Format.fprintf ppf "(%a %a)) %a %a)" Term.pp value0 Sort.pp
             (Term.sort value0) Sort.pp (Sort.fun_codomain sort) Term.pp
             (Term.get value 1))
         else
           Format.fprintf ppf ") %a %a)" Sort.pp sort Term.pp
             (Solver.get_value bitwuzla term)))
    [ x; y; f; a ];
  Format.print_space ();
  Format.print_space ();

This will output a possible model, in this case:

(
  (define-fun x () (_ BitVec 8) #b10011111)
  (define-fun y () (_ BitVec 8) #b11111111)
  (define-fun f ((@bzla.var_71 (_ BitVec 8)) (@bzla.var_72 (_ BitVec 4))) 
  (_ BitVec 8) (ite (and (= @bzla.var_71 #b10011111) (= @bzla.var_72 #b0011)) #b11111111 #b00000000))
  (define-fun a () (Array (_ BitVec 8) (_ BitVec 8)) (store ((as const (Array (_ BitVec 8) (_ BitVec 8))) #b00000000) #b10011111 #b11111111))
)

Alternatively, it is possible to query the value of terms as assignment string via Term.value, or as a term via Solver.get_value.

In our case, we can query the assignments of x and y, both bit-vector terms, as binary strings:

  Format.printf "value of x: %s@,"
    (Term.value (String { base = 2 }) (Solver.get_value bitwuzla x));
  Format.printf "value of y: %s@,"
    (Term.value (String { base = 2 }) (Solver.get_value bitwuzla y));
  Format.print_space ();

This will print:

value of x: 10011111
value of y: 11111111

The value of f (a function term) and a (an array term), on the other hand, cannot be represented with a simple type. Thus, function values are given as Lambda, and array values are given as Store. We can retrieve an SMT-LIB2 string representation of the values via Term.pp:

  Format.printf "str() representation of value of x:@,%a@," Term.pp
    (Solver.get_value bitwuzla x);
  Format.printf "str() representation of value of y:@,%a@," Term.pp
    (Solver.get_value bitwuzla y);
  Format.print_space ();

This will print:

str() representation of value of f:
(lambda ((@bzla.var_71 (_ BitVec 8))) (lambda ((@bzla.var_72 (_ BitVec 4))) (ite (and (= @bzla.var_71 #b10011111) (= @bzla.var_72 #b0011)) #b11111111 #b00000000)))
str() representation of value of a:
(store ((as const (Array (_ BitVec 8) (_ BitVec 8))) #b00000000) #b10011111 #b11111111)

Note that the string representation of values representable as simple type (bit-vectors, boolean, floating-point, rounding mode) are given as pure value string (in the given number format) via Term.value. Their string representation retrieved via Term.pp, however, is given in SMT-LIB2 format. For example,

  Format.printf "str() representation of value of x:@,%a@," Term.pp
    (Solver.get_value bitwuzla x);
  Format.printf "str() representation of value of y:@,%a@," Term.pp
    (Solver.get_value bitwuzla y);
  Format.print_space ();

This will print:

str() representation of value of x:
#b10011111
str() representation of value of y:
#b11111111

It is also possible to query the model value of expressions that do not occur in the input formula:

  let v = Solver.get_value bitwuzla (mk_term2 Bv_mul x x) in
  Format.printf "value of v = x * x: %s@," (Term.value (String { base = 2 }) v)

This will print:

value of v = x * x: 11000001

Examples

Other examples together with their SMT-LIB input can be found in directory examples:

  • an incremental example with push and pop (pushpop);

  • an incremental example with check-sat-assuming (checksatassuming);

  • an unsatisfiable example with unsat core generation (unsatcore);

  • an unsatisfiable example with unsat assumption query (unsatassumptions)

  • an example with termination callback (terminator).

Installation

Bitwuzla sources and dependencies are repackaged for convenient use with opam.

From Opam

opam install bitwuzla-cxx

From source

The latest version of ocaml-bitwuzla is available on GitHub: https://github.com/bitwuzla/ocaml-bitwuzla.

:information_source: Dealing with submodules

In order to checkout the complete source tree, run the following at clone time:

git clone --recurse-submodules https://github.com/bitwuzla/ocaml-bitwuzla.git

or at any time:

git submodule init # first time
git submodule update

:warning: Do not download the source archive (.zip, .tar.gz). Download instead the tarball from release panel.

tar -xjf bitwuzla-cxx-0.2.0.tbz
Dependencies

:information_source: Handling dependencies with opam

Dependencies can be automatically installed via opam.

opam pin add -n .                             # read the package definition
opam install --deps-only bitwuzla-cxx             # install OCaml dependencies
opam install --deps-only --with-doc bitwuzla-cxx  # optional, for documentation
opam install --deps-only --with-test bitwuzla-cxx # optional, for tests
Build
dune build @install
Running examples
dune exec -- examples/quickstart.exe # replace quickstart by other examples
Building the API documentation
dune build @doc

An index page containing examples and links to modules can be found in _build/default/_doc/_html/index.html.

Running tests
dune build @runtest

:memo: No output is the expected behavior.