opium

OCaml web framework
IN THIS PACKAGE
Module Opium . Response
type t = Rock.Response.t = {
version : Version.t;
status : Status.t;
reason : string option;
headers : Headers.t;
body : Body.t;
env : Context.t;
}

Constructors

make

val make : ?version:Version.t -> ?status:Status.t -> ?reason:string -> ?headers:Headers.t -> ?body:Body.t -> ?env:Context.t -> unit -> t

make ?version ?status ?reason ?headers ?body ?env () creates a new response from the given values.

By default, the HTTP version will be set to 1.1, the HTTP status to 200 and the response will not contain any header or body.

of_plain_text

val of_plain_text : ?version:Version.t -> ?status:Status.t -> ?reason:string -> ?headers:Headers.t -> ?env:Context.t -> string -> t

of_plain_text ?status ?version ?reason ?headers ?env body creates a new response from the given values and a string body.

The content type of the response will be set to text/plain and the body will contain the string body.

Example

The response initialized with:

Response.of_plain_text "Hello World" 

Will be represented as:

HTTP/1.1 200 
Content-Type: text/plain

Hello World 

of_json

val of_json : ?version:Version.t -> ?status:Status.t -> ?reason:string -> ?headers:Headers.t -> ?env:Context.t -> Yojson.Safe.t -> t

of_json ?status ?version ?reason ?headers ?env payload creates a new response from the given values and a JSON body.

The content type of the response will be set to application/json and the body will contain the json payload body.

Example

The response initialized with:

Response.of_json (`Assoc [ "Hello", `String "World" ]) 

Will be represented as:

HTTP/1.1 200 
Content-Type: application/json

{"Hello":"World"} 

of_html

val of_html : ?version:Version.t -> ?status:Status.t -> ?reason:string -> ?headers:Headers.t -> ?env:Context.t -> ?indent:bool -> [ `Html ] Tyxml_html.elt -> t

of_html ?status ?version ?reason ?headers ?env ?indent payload creates a new response from the given values and a HTML body.

The content type of the response will be set to text/html; charset=utf-8 and the body will contain the HTML payload payload.

The header Connection will be set to Keep-Alive to opimize for bandwitdh, since it is assumed that users who response HTML content will be likely to make further responses.

Example

The response initialized with:

let my_page =
  let open Tyxml.Html in
  html (head (title (txt "Title")) []) (body [ h1 [ txt "Hello World!" ] ])
;;

let res = Response.of_html ~indent:true my_page

res will be represented as:

HTTP/1.1 200 
Connection: Keep-Alive
Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><title>Title</title></head>
 <body><h1>Hello World!</h1></body>
</html> 

of_xml

val of_xml : ?version:Version.t -> ?status:Status.t -> ?reason:string -> ?headers:Headers.t -> ?env:Context.t -> ?indent:bool -> Tyxml_xml.elt -> t

of_xml ?status ?version ?reason ?headers ?env ?indent payload creates a new response from the given values and a XML body.

The content type of the response will be set to text/xml; charset=utf-8 and the body will contain the XML payload payload.

Example

The response initialized with:

let xml =
  let open Tyxml.Xml in
  node
    "note"
    [ node "to" [ pcdata "Tove" ]
    ; node "from" [ pcdata "Jani" ]
    ; node "heading" [ pcdata "Reminder" ]
    ; node "body" [ pcdata "Don't forget me this weekend!" ]
    ]
;;

let res = Response.of_xml ~indent:true xml

res will be represented as:

HTTP/1.1 200 
Content-Type: application/xml charset=utf-8

<note><to>Tove</to><from>Jani</from><heading>Reminder</heading>
 <body>Don't forget me this weekend!</body>
</note> 

of_svg

val of_svg : ?version:Version.t -> ?status:Status.t -> ?reason:string -> ?headers:Headers.t -> ?env:Context.t -> ?indent:bool -> [ `Svg ] Tyxml_svg.elt -> t

of_svg ?status ?version ?reason ?headers ?env ?indent payload creates a new response from the given values and a SVG body.

The content type of the response will be set to image/svg+xml and the body will contain the SVG payload payload.

The header Connection will be set to Keep-Alive to opimize for bandwitdh, since it is assumed that users who response SVG content will be likely to make further responses.

Example

The response initialized with:

let my_svg =
  let open Tyxml.Svg in
  svg
    [ circle
        ~a:
          [ a_cx (50., None)
          ; a_cy (50., None)
          ; a_r (40., None)
          ; a_fill (`Color ("black", None))
          ]
        []
    ]
;;

let res = Response.of_svg ~indent:true my_svg

res will be represented as:

HTTP/1.1 200 
Connection: Keep-Alive
Content-Type: image/svg+xml

<!DOCTYPE svg PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD SVG 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/Graphics/SVG/1.1/DTD/svg11.dtd">
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
 xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
 <circle cx="50" cy="50" r="40" fill="black"></circle>
</svg> 

of_file

val of_file : ?version:Version.t -> ?reason:string -> ?headers:Headers.t -> ?env:Context.t -> ?mime:string -> string -> t Lwt.t

of_file ?version ?reason ?headers ?env ?mime fname creates a new response from a file fname by reading its content and streaming the response.

The content type of the response will be set automatically based on the file name fname. Providing an optional mime type overrides the automatic detected one.

redirect_to

val redirect_to : ?status:Status.redirection -> ?version:Version.t -> ?reason:string -> ?headers:Headers.t -> ?env:Context.t -> string -> t

redirect_to ?status ?version ?reason ?headers ?env target creates a new Redirect response from the given values.

The response will contain the header Location with the value target and a Redirect HTTP status (a Redirect HTTP status starts with 3).

By default, the HTTP status is 302 Found.

The response initialized with:

Response.redirect_to "/redirected" 

Will be represented as:

HTTP/1.1 302 
Location: /redirected

Decoders

to_json

val to_json : t -> Yojson.Safe.t option Lwt.t

to_json t parses the body of the response t as a JSON structure.

If the body of the response cannot be parsed as a JSON structure, None is returned. Use to_json_exn to raise an exception instead.

Example

let response = Response.of_json (`Assoc [ "Hello", `String "World" ])
let body = Response.to_json response

body will be:

`Assoc [ "Hello", `String "World" ] 

to_json_exn

val to_json_exn : t -> Yojson.Safe.t Lwt.t

to_json_exn t parses the body of the response t as a JSON structure.

If the body of the response cannot be parsed as a JSON structure, an Invalid_argument exception is raised. Use to_json to return an option instead.

to_plain_text

val to_plain_text : t -> string Lwt.t

to_plain_text t parses the body of the response t as a string.

Example

let response = Response.of_plain_text "Hello world!"
let body = Response.to_json response

body will be:

"Hello world!" 

Getters and Setters

status

val status : t -> Status.t

status response returns the HTTP status of the response response.

set_status

val set_status : Status.t -> t -> t

set_status status response returns a copy of response with the HTTP status set to content_type.

General Headers

val header : string -> t -> string option

header key t returns the value of the header with key key in the response t.

If multiple headers have the key key, only the value of the first header will be returned.

If you want to return all the values if multiple headers are found, you can use headers.

headers

val headers : string -> t -> string list

headers returns the values of all headers with the key key in the response t.

If you want to return the value of only the first header with the key key, you can use header.

add_header

val add_header : (string * string) -> t -> t

add_header (key, value) t adds a header with the key key and the value value to the response t.

If a header with the same key is already persent, a new header is appended to the list of headers regardless. If you want to add the header only if an header with the same key could not be found, you can use add_header_unless_exists.

See also add_headers to add multiple headers.

add_header_or_replace

val add_header_or_replace : (string * string) -> t -> t

add_header_or_replace (key, value) t adds a header with the key key and the value value to the response t.

If a header with the same key already exist, its value is replaced by value. If you want to add the header only if it doesn't already exist, you can use add_header_unless_exists.

See also add_headers_or_replace to add multiple headers.

add_header_unless_exists

val add_header_unless_exists : (string * string) -> t -> t

add_header_unless_exists (key, value) t adds a header with the key key and the value value to the response t if an header with the same key does not already exist.

If a header with the same key already exist, the response remains unmodified. If you want to add the header regardless of whether the header is already present, you can use add_header.

See also add_headers_unless_exists to add multiple headers.

add_headers

val add_headers : (string * string) list -> t -> t

add_headers headers response adds the headers headers to the response t.

The headers are added regardless of whether a header with the same key is already present. If you want to add the header only if an header with the same key could not be found, you can use add_headers_unless_exists.

See also add_header to add a single header.

add_headers_or_replace

val add_headers_or_replace : (string * string) list -> t -> t

add_headers_or_replace (key, value) t adds a headers headers to the response t.

If a header with the same key already exist, its value is replaced by value. If you want to add the header only if it doesn't already exist, you can use add_headers_unless_exists.

See also add_header_or_replace to add a single header.

add_headers_unless_exists

val add_headers_unless_exists : (string * string) list -> t -> t

add_headers_unless_exists headers response adds the headers headers to the response t if an header with the same key does not already exist.

If a header with the same key already exist, the header is will not be added to the response. If you want to add the header regardless of whether the header is already present, you can use add_headers.

See also add_header_unless_exists to add a single header.

remove_header

val remove_header : string -> t -> t

remove_header (key, value) t removes all the headers with the key key from the response t.

If no header with the key key exist, the response remains unmodified.

Specific Headers

content_type

val content_type : t -> string option

content_type response returns the value of the header Content-Type of the response response.

set_content_type

val set_content_type : string -> t -> t

set_content_type content_type response returns a copy of response with the value of the header Content-Type set to content_type.

etag

val etag : t -> string option

etag response returns the value of the header ETag of the response response.

set_etag

val set_etag : string -> t -> t

set_etag etag response returns a copy of response with the value of the header ETag set to etag.

location

val location : t -> string option

location response returns the value of the header Location of the response response.

set_location

val set_location : string -> t -> t

set_location location response returns a copy of response with the value of the header Location set to location.

cache_control

val cache_control : t -> string option

cache_control response returns the value of the header Cache-Control of the response response.

set_cache_control

val set_cache_control : string -> t -> t

set_cache_control cache_control response returns a copy of response with the value of the header Cache-Control set to cache_control.

cookie ?signed_with key t returns the value of the cookie with key key in the Set-Cookie header of the response t.

If signed_with is provided, the cookies will be unsigned with the given Signer and only a cookie with a valid signature will be returned.

If the response does not contain a valid Set-Cookie or if no cookie with the key key exist, None will be returned.

cookies

val cookies : ?signed_with:Cookie.Signer.t -> t -> Cookie.t list

cookies ?signed_with t returns all the value of the cookies in the Set-Cookie header of the response t.

If signed_with is provided, the cookies will be unsigned with the given Signer and only the cookies with a valid signature will be returned.

If the response does not contain a valid Set-Cookie, None will be returned.

add_cookie ?sign_with ?expires ?scope ?same_site ?secure ?http_only value t adds a cookie with value value to the response t.

If a cookie with the same key already exists, its value will be replaced with the new value of value.

If sign_with is provided, the cookie will be signed with the given Signer.

add_cookie_or_replace ?sign_with ?expires ?scope ?same_site ?secure ?http_only value t adds a cookie with value value to the response t. If a cookie with the same key already exists, its value will be replaced with the new value of value. If sign_with is provided, the cookie will be signed with the given Signer.

add_cookie_unless_exists ?sign_with ?expires ?scope ?same_site ?secure ?http_only value t adds a cookie with value value to the response t.

If a cookie with the same key already exists, it will remain untouched.

If sign_with is provided, the cookie will be signed with the given Signer.

remove_cookie key t removes the cookie of key key from the Set-Cookie header of the response t.

Utilities

sexp_of_t

val sexp_of_t : t -> Sexplib0.Sexp.t

sexp_of_t t converts the response t to an s-expression

pp

val pp : Format.formatter -> t -> unit

pp formats the response t as an s-expression

pp_hum

val pp_hum : Format.formatter -> t -> unit

pp_hum formats the response t as a standard HTTP response