base

Full standard library replacement for OCaml
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Library base
Module Base . Option
type 'a t = 'a option =
| None
| Some of 'a
val compare : ( 'a -> 'a -> int ) -> 'a t -> 'a t -> int
val hash_fold_t : ( Hash.state -> 'a -> Hash.state ) -> Hash.state -> 'a t -> Hash.state
include Sexpable.S1 with type 'a t := 'a t
val t_of_sexp : ( Sexplib0.Sexp.t -> 'a ) -> Sexplib0.Sexp.t -> 'a t
val sexp_of_t : ( 'a -> Sexplib0.Sexp.t ) -> 'a t -> Sexplib0.Sexp.t
val t_sexp_grammar : Sexp.Private.Raw_grammar.t
include Container.S1 with type 'a t := 'a t
val mem : 'a t -> 'a -> equal:( 'a -> 'a -> bool ) -> bool

Checks whether the provided element is there, using equal.

val length : 'a t -> int
val is_empty : 'a t -> bool
val iter : 'a t -> f:( 'a -> unit ) -> unit
val fold : 'a t -> init:'accum -> f:( 'accum -> 'a -> 'accum ) -> 'accum

fold t ~init ~f returns f (... f (f (f init e1) e2) e3 ...) en, where e1..en are the elements of t

val fold_result : 'a t -> init:'accum -> f:( 'accum -> 'a -> ( 'accum, 'e ) Result.t ) -> ( 'accum, 'e ) Result.t

fold_result t ~init ~f is a short-circuiting version of fold that runs in the Result monad. If f returns an Error _, that value is returned without any additional invocations of f.

val fold_until : 'a t -> init:'accum -> f: ( 'accum -> 'a -> ( 'accum, 'final ) Base__Container_intf.Export.Continue_or_stop.t ) -> finish:( 'accum -> 'final ) -> 'final

fold_until t ~init ~f ~finish is a short-circuiting version of fold. If f returns Stop _ the computation ceases and results in that value. If f returns Continue _, the fold will proceed. If f never returns Stop _, the final result is computed by finish.

Example:

type maybe_negative =
  | Found_negative of int
  | All_nonnegative of { sum : int }

(** [first_neg_or_sum list] returns the first negative number in [list], if any,
    otherwise returns the sum of the list. *)
let first_neg_or_sum =
  List.fold_until ~init:0
    ~f:(fun sum x ->
      if x < 0
      then Stop (Found_negative x)
      else Continue (sum + x))
    ~finish:(fun sum -> All_nonnegative { sum })
;;

let x = first_neg_or_sum [1; 2; 3; 4; 5]
val x : maybe_negative = All_nonnegative {sum = 15}

let y = first_neg_or_sum [1; 2; -3; 4; 5]
val y : maybe_negative = Found_negative -3
val exists : 'a t -> f:( 'a -> bool ) -> bool

Returns true if and only if there exists an element for which the provided function evaluates to true. This is a short-circuiting operation.

val for_all : 'a t -> f:( 'a -> bool ) -> bool

Returns true if and only if the provided function evaluates to true for all elements. This is a short-circuiting operation.

val count : 'a t -> f:( 'a -> bool ) -> int

Returns the number of elements for which the provided function evaluates to true.

val sum : (module Base__Container_intf.Summable with type t = 'sum) -> 'a t -> f:( 'a -> 'sum ) -> 'sum

Returns the sum of f i for all i in the container.

val find : 'a t -> f:( 'a -> bool ) -> 'a option

Returns as an option the first element for which f evaluates to true.

val find_map : 'a t -> f:( 'a -> 'b option ) -> 'b option

Returns the first evaluation of f that returns Some, and returns None if there is no such element.

val to_list : 'a t -> 'a list
val to_array : 'a t -> 'a array
val min_elt : 'a t -> compare:( 'a -> 'a -> int ) -> 'a option

Returns a minimum (resp maximum) element from the collection using the provided compare function, or None if the collection is empty. In case of a tie, the first element encountered while traversing the collection is returned. The implementation uses fold so it has the same complexity as fold.

val max_elt : 'a t -> compare:( 'a -> 'a -> int ) -> 'a option
include Equal.S1 with type 'a t := 'a t
val equal : 'a Equal.equal -> 'a t Equal.equal
include Invariant.S1 with type 'a t := 'a t
val invariant : ( 'a -> unit ) -> 'a t -> unit

Options form a monad, where return x = Some x, (None >>= f) = None, and (Some x >>= f) = f x.

include Monad.S with type 'a t := 'a t
val (>>=) : 'a t -> ( 'a -> 'b t ) -> 'b t

t >>= f returns a computation that sequences the computations represented by two monad elements. The resulting computation first does t to yield a value v, and then runs the computation returned by f v.

val (>>|) : 'a t -> ( 'a -> 'b ) -> 'b t

t >>| f is t >>= (fun a -> return (f a)).

module Monad_infix : sig ... end
val bind : 'a t -> f:( 'a -> 'b t ) -> 'b t

bind t ~f = t >>= f

val return : 'a -> 'a t

return v returns the (trivial) computation that returns v.

val map : 'a t -> f:( 'a -> 'b ) -> 'b t

map t ~f is t >>| f.

val join : 'a t t -> 'a t

join t is t >>= (fun t' -> t').

val ignore_m : 'a t -> unit t

ignore_m t is map t ~f:(fun _ -> ()). ignore_m used to be called ignore, but we decided that was a bad name, because it shadowed the widely used Caml.ignore. Some monads still do let ignore = ignore_m for historical reasons.

val all : 'a t list -> 'a list t
val all_unit : unit t list -> unit t

Like all, but ensures that every monadic value in the list produces a unit value, all of which are discarded rather than being collected into a list.

module Let_syntax : sig ... end

These are convenient to have in scope when programming with a monad:

val is_none : 'a t -> bool

is_none t returns true iff t = None.

val is_some : 'a t -> bool

is_some t returns true iff t = Some x.

val value_map : 'a t -> default:'b -> f:( 'a -> 'b ) -> 'b

value_map ~default ~f is the same as function Some x -> f x | None -> default.

val map2 : 'a t -> 'b t -> f:( 'a -> 'b -> 'c ) -> 'c t

map2 o f maps 'a option and 'b option to a 'c option using ~f.

val call : 'a -> f:( 'a -> unit ) t -> unit

call x f runs an optional function ~f on the argument.

val value : 'a t -> default:'a -> 'a

value None ~default = default

value (Some x) ~default = x

val value_exn : ?here:Caml.Lexing.position -> ?error:Error.t -> ?message:string -> 'a t -> 'a

value_exn (Some x) = x. value_exn None raises an error whose contents contain the supplied ~here, ~error, and message, or a default message if none are supplied.

val some : 'a -> 'a t
val both : 'a t -> 'b t -> ('a * 'b) t
val first_some : 'a t -> 'a t -> 'a t
val some_if : bool -> 'a -> 'a t
val merge : 'a t -> 'a t -> f:( 'a -> 'a -> 'a ) -> 'a t

merge a b ~f merges together the values from a and b using f. If both a and b are None, returns None. If only one is Some, returns that one, and if both are Some, returns Some of the result of applying f to the contents of a and b.

val filter : 'a t -> f:( 'a -> bool ) -> 'a t
val try_with : ( unit -> 'a ) -> 'a t

try_with f returns Some x if f returns x and None if f raises an exception. See Result.try_with if you'd like to know which exception.

val try_with_join : ( unit -> 'a t ) -> 'a t

try_with_join f returns the optional value returned by f if it exits normally, and None if f raises an exception.

val validate : none:unit Validate.check -> some:'a Validate.check -> 'a t Validate.check