C language ABI.

This module provides a common interface for building ABI support modules for C language.

type param = Bap_c_data.t * Bap.Std.exp

Function formal parameter is represented as a pair of an abstraction of data, that is passed via the parameter, and a BIL expression, that denotes the parameter.

type args = {
  1. return : param option;
  2. hidden : (Bap_c_type.t * param) list;
  3. params : param list;

subroutine argument list is split into three parts: return is the return arguments, that is optional; params are regular positional parameters, the length of the params list must equal to the amount of the formals in the function prototype; hidden are hidden parameters, that are inserted by abi to pass special arguments, like this pointer or a pointer to a structural value, for example.

The api processor, created by this module, will insert arg terms into sub in the following way:

  • nth positional argument corresponds to nth arg term (counting from 0).
  • the last arg term corresponds to the return argument, if any;
  • all hidden arguments are put between the last positional and the return argument.
type t = {
  1. insert_args : Bap.Std.sub Bap.Std.term -> Bap_c_type.attr list -> Bap_c_type.proto -> args option;
  2. apply_attrs : Bap_c_type.attr list -> Bap.Std.sub Bap.Std.term -> Bap.Std.sub Bap.Std.term;

an abi processor. Each architecture registers its own abi processor, that is responsible for dispatching the processed subroutine between architecture specific abi processors.

val create_api_processor : Bap_c_size.base -> t -> Bap_api.t

create_api_processor size t packs an api processor. The processor will insert arg terms into each recognized subroutine, propagate some known C attributes into corresponding BIR attributes, annotate each inserted arg term with its corresponding C type and datum model, and annotate each regognized subroutine with its C prototype.

The api processor relies on an availability of a front end parser for C language.

data size t creates an abstraction of data that is represented by type t. The size parameter defines a data model, e.g., sizes of primitive types, padding and alignment restrictions, etc.

val arg_intent : Bap_c_type.t -> Bap.Std.intent

arg_intent t infers argument intention based on its C type. If an argument is passed by value, i.e., it is a c basic type, then it is an input argument. If an argument is a reference, but not a function, then it is input/output if any value, referenced by the argument is non-const. A reference to function always has the input intent. If an argyment is a structure or union, then it is input/output if any of its fields is input/output.

val register : string -> t -> unit

register name t registers an abi processor t named name that may be used by subroutines in this project.

val get_processor : string -> t option

get_processor name is used to access an abi processor with its name.

module Stack : sig ... end

An abstraction of a stack, commonly used in C compilers.